Lathe machine types

07:31
 Lathe machine Types
  1. Lathe machine types Based on Dimensions
    1. Lathe light
      Lathe
      turning light destined to work the object is small and lightweight. The shape of this machine is relatively small and simple to the length of the machine is generally not more than 1200 mm so it is suitable for domestic and industrial practice.

    2. Medium lathe
      Compared with light machine lathes, lathes are having a more detailed construction and fitted with special equipment. The lathe is being used for the job that has a lot of variety and rigor.

      The lathe of this type can extract material with a diameter of up to 200mm and 100mm long. Not only to produce tooling, lathe medium can also be used to repair tools and equipment suitable for use as a training school.
    3. Standard latheStandard lathe has a large size and heavier. This type is a standard lathe in manufacturing lathes in general.

      With components such as the light and medium lathes and equipped with cooling taps, work lights, sump burr, and brakes. Lathe most widely used standard in the home industry.
    4. Long bed lathe The lathe is used to do things big and long, and widely used for large factories.
  2.  Lathe machine types Based on principle Works
    1. Center lathe Lathe center lathe most widely used in industry because it is designed for a wide variety of forms. The lathe uses a spindle shaft which has a chuck jaws on one side as the grip of the tool material. This became the central axis of the jaw and the other side into the player.
    2. Lathe belt
      Type lathe to rotate the belt using a belt gear. A belt wrapped around the gear and rotates with the rotation axis of the spindle associated with the belt. The gears are circled belt have been key to the manufacture of screw and cutting material because the tip of the series are included sledding gear cutting tool to form the constant moving around the screw.
    3. vertical turning & boring milling
      Lathe work automatically. Prior to working, lathe is only necessary to determine the final shape of each piece given by the operator and will subsequently turning lathe appropriate settings. The engine shaft will set its own grip on the material work material.

      By the way work is highly automated, you can easily keep an eye on some other machine very easily and quickly. With this automated way of working, enable users to use this type of machine.

      This automatic machine many have encountered in some industrial and manufacturing companies that need it.
    4. facing lathe 
      For the disc-shaped material, lathe facing lathelah choice. The lathe has a disc of a disc in the form of a large plate that is on the basic side, then the process of turning work on both sides of the disc.
    5. Turret Turret lathe has the ability to work in Identics material. Identics intent here is to work in accordance with the engine working order has been arranged by the machine operator so that it is suitable for mass production in the industrial material-insdustri.
    6. Turret type of saddle Almost similar to the regular turret lathes, turret lathe saddle type of saddle used to perform setup or operation to produce identical material.
    7. Vertical turret 
      This type turret lathe can also produce materials with identical. Vertical turret lathes have bercengkram turntable and turret mounted on a rail crossing on the turntable. There turret heads on the side into a chisel with a system controller that is set so that the repetition of identical processes at the time of operation.
Lathe machine  Part
Broadly speaking, the main part lathe comprising:
  1. A pedestal machineAlas machine is used as a place holder head off, sledding, stand still, and the pedestal funeral at the time of turning. Pedestal or table machine must have a flat surface, smooth and high accuracy of flatness and parallels. It is necessary to make an incision when performing head motion movement off the head and elongated sledge can run smoothly and stable so as to produce a precision lathe.
  2. The head of fixed
    The fixed head is located on the left of the lathe. In this section in charge of rotating the workpiece where there are transmission gears. The head remains at the heart of the placement of the essential equipment of the lathe, in which there are plate machine, crank regulator pair of gears, disc-rise, and the motor of the machine.

    In addition there is a dibble (chuck) or clamp, the tool holder of the workpiece that is safe when done. Dibble divided into two, namely dibble dibble jaw jaw three and four. The movement of the jaws clamp the jaws dibble three when we move the driving key is simultaneous, whereas four dibble jaw is moved by one.
  3. The head off
    Head off to work to support long workpieces. This section is located to the right of the lathe. When the long-sized objects will turner, the possibility of bending very large objects that have to be supported at both ends.

    Sustaining performed by the head fixed on the end of the left and by the head off at the far right. Components in the head off, among others, the play center that serves to memompang workpiece in order to avoid friction, hand will, spindle lock, and lock the pedestal.
  4. SlidgeSledge used to perform funeral prose on the workpiece by moving to the left and to the right along the table. Sledge is divided into three parts, the longitudinal sledge or sled pedestal, sledge transverse (cross-carriage / cross slide), and sledding on or sledge combination (top carriage / compound slide).Elongated sledge function to perform funeral with the lengthwise direction toward or away from the machine spindle. This mobilization can be done manually or automatically along the table or board machine. Transverse sledge function to perform funeral with the transverse direction toward or away sumbeu flashlight automatically or manually.Sledge above or a combination serves to make the feeds manually towards the desired angle. When viewed from the construction, sledge sledge rivet extends transversely, and eretetan transverse sledge rested on. Thus if the sled is moved lengthwise, then crosswise sledding and sleigh above also come to move or shift.

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